Brussels, 30 May 2011 – By 2025 more than €5 billion in economic benefits could be gained by reviewing European rules on allocating slots for landing and takeoff at the European Union’s busiest airports, according to a new study ordered by the European Commission and published today. The practical effect is that up to 28 million additional passengers could be accommodated each year at Europe’s airports. Currently, there are some 26,000 flights in Europe’s sky every day. With passenger numbers forecast to grow by up to 4.5% annually, airport capacity is reaching saturation, causing congestion and delays.

Vice-President Siim Kallas, responsible for transport said: “We have been concerned that the current system of allocating takeoff and landing slots at airports is inefficient, giving rise to delays and congestion. This has now been confirmed by today’s report, showing that up to 28 million more passengers could travel each year through Europe’s airports. I intend to bring forward legislation this autumn to tackle this issue”.

The benefits of reforming EU slots rules

The net economic benefits of a combination of changes could be in excess of €5 billion over the period 2012-2025 (net present value). Up to 28 million additional passengers could be accommodated per year within the existing airport capacity were the changes identified in the study made to the system. Social benefits are also generated in the form of increased employment. The changes identified would be in line with the strategy set out in the recent White Paper which identified the optimisation of airport capacity as a key step towards the establishment of the Single European Transport Area. Such changes could therefore make a contribution to resolving the capacity problems at a number of important EU airports. The global financial crisis had caused reductions in traffic, but traffic is increasing again and demand is expected to recover in the medium term. As a result, airport capacity will not be sufficient to accommodate demand at a large number of European airports and therefore congestion will significantly worsen.

A series of problems identified

The study highlights a number of problems with the current slot allocation system1 which, taken together, prevents scarce capacity at busy airports from being used in the most optimal way, causes congestion and hinders competition. Problems identified in the study are for instance:

  • •Sub-optimal use of capacity at some airports.
  • •Continued difficulties faced by carriers trying to grow their operations at congested airports in order to provide real competition to incumbent carriers.
  • •Inadequate operation of the slot coordination
  • •Lack of consistency with the Single European Sky.

Possible solutions

The authors of the study point out that allowing for the introduction of market-based mechanisms would help to ensure that slots can be used by those carriers able to make the best use of them. Also, the rules which reserve a share of free slots to new entrants could be changed and stricter requirements could be placed on the use of slots (for example, a stricter minimum-usage requirement on slots when there is a higher demand from carriers). The operation of the slot allocation system could be improved by strengthened independence and transparency of slot coordinators and by ensuring a correct use of slots. Moreover, the system of slot allocation could be changed in order to bring it into line with reform of the European air traffic management system and improve the resilience of the aviation network.

Next steps

The Commission will present this autumn a policy package on airports, including slots.

More information

Contacts :

Helen Kearns (+32 2 298 76 38)

Dale Kidd (+32 2 295 74 61)

1 :

A slot is the permission given by a coordinator to use the full range of airport infrastructure necessary to operate an air service at a coordinated airport on a specific date and time for the purpose of landing or take-off, as defined in Council Regulation (EEC) No 95/93 of 18 January 1993 on common rules for the allocation of slots at Community airports.

Source – European Commission

  • Print
  • Digg
  • StumbleUpon
  • Facebook
  • Yahoo! Buzz
  • Twitter
  • Google Bookmarks
  • email
  • Netvibes
  • PDF